Direct contact interventions are those which communicate directly with people whose behaviour risks HIV exposure or transmission. These are grouped below according to their most basic common elements.

Talking and listening Talking and listening relates to direct, verbal engagement.

Reading and writing Reading and writing considers development of text, and its appropriateness for readers.

  • Small media: Printed resources including newsletters, booklets, leaflets, posters or cards.
  • Mass media: Text and image-based adverts placed in newspapers, magazines or online.
  • Websites: Intervention-specific websites designed to achieve particular information-giving and attitude-changing outcomes.

Giving and talking Giving and taking considers how resources are made available to people who need them.