Direct contact interventions are those which communicate directly with people whose behaviour risks HIV exposure or transmission. These are grouped below according to their most basic common elements.
- 1-to-1 info & advice
- group info & advice
broadcast & performance
These offer information through discussion and exchange.
Reading and writing considers development of text, and its appropriateness for readers.
- Small media: Printed resources including newsletters, booklets, leaﬂets, posters or cards.
- Mass media: Text and image-based adverts placed in newspapers, magazines or online.
- Websites: Intervention-specific websites designed to achieve particular information-giving and attitude-changing outcomes.
Giving and taking considers how resources are made available to people who need them.
- Interactive distribution: is hand-to-hand, ensuring a person receives the resources they need.
- Static distribution: leaving written interventions or condoms in accessible spaces.
- Clinic to community: access to HIV testing in the community has become increasingly common.